Sunday, February 14, 2010

Price paid by India

Price paid by India to the spread of Islam

Historic and ongoing Islamic violence in India and the Indian subcontinent since the violent arrival (c. 710 AD) and the spread of Islam in India.

1. To begin with, American historian Will Durant wrote:
"the Islamic conquest of India is probably the bloodiest story in history. It is a discouraging tale, for its evident moral is that civilization is a precious good, whose delicate complex order and freedom can at any moment be overthrown by barbarians invading from without and multiplying from within. Almost all the Muslims of South Asia are descendants of weaker elements of the population who had succumbed to forcible Islamic conversion. The Islamic historians and scholars have recorded with great glee and pride of the slaughters of Hindus, forced conversions, abduction of Hindu women and children to slave markets and the destruction of temples carried out by the warriors of Islam during 800 AD to 1700 AD. Millions of Hindus were converted to Islam by sword during this period."

-- Source: Will Durant, "The Story of Civilization: Our Oriental Heritage", http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Will_Durant

2. History of Islamic genocide of Hindus: by Dr. Koenraad Elst http://koenraadelst.bharatvani.org/articles/irin/genocide.html

3. Temple destruction. Thousands of temples were destroyed by the Islamic invaders of India. After it was created via the partition of India, Pakistan also destroyed hundreds of temples. Some examples of temple destructions:

 3a. Somnath Temple: http://dharmaveer.blogspot.com/2009/02/islams-six-destructions-of-somnath.html .
 3b. Ayodhya Ramajanmabhoomi Temple: http://dharmaveer.blogspot.com/2009/02/muslim-accounts-gloating-over.html .
 3c. Ruined Temples of Rainawari , Kashmir http://thekashmir.wordpress.com/2009/11/07/ruined-temples-of-rainawari-kashmir/ .
 3.d Temples of Kashmir – Looted & Plundered http://thekashmir.wordpress.com/2009/09/24/temples-of-kashmir-looted-plundered/
 3.e Hindu Temples: What Happened to Them Vol. 1 by Sita Ram Goel http://voi.org/books/htemples1/
 3.f Hindu Temples: What Happened to Them Vol. 2 by Sita Ram Goel http://voi.org/books/htemples2/


(The Somnath temple as it stands today, destroyed by Islam six times, rebuilt by Hindus six times.)

4. Islamist violence and chicanery in creating the partition: http://hindustruggle.blogspot.com/2010/02/partition-of-india.html

5. Muslim League Attack on Sikhs and Hindus in the Punjab 1947, Compiled for the SGPC, by S. Gurbachan Singh Talib. http://www.voi.org/books/mla/

6. 1950 Bangladesh (then East Pak) pogrom against Hindus: http://www.asiantribune.com/index.php?q=node/6606

7. 1971 Pakistani genocide of Bengalis (3 million people killed, 2.5mn of them Hindus, 200,000 women raped, and 10 million people displaced): http://www.liberationwarmuseum.org/liberation-war/51-genocide-and-atrocities and see also: the Bangladesh Genocide Archive http://www.genocidebangladesh.org/

8. Massive ethnic Cleansing of Kashmiri Hindus by Jihadi infiltrators: http://www.kashmiri-pandit.org/sundry/genocide.html . See also: Kashmir Timeline: http://hindustruggle.blogspot.com/2010/02/kashmir-timeline.html

9. 2002 Gujarat train carnage (59 Hindus burned and charred alive by a Muslim mob, leading to horrible Gujarat riots): http://www.scribd.com/doc/6245523/godharaincident

10. 2008 Mumbai Taj Terrorist attack, 180 killed and over 500 maimed.
 10a. Boston Globe's gallery of the violence: http://www.boston.com/bigpicture/2008/11/mumbai_under_attack.html
 10b. The mastermind of the attacks, terrorist Hafiz Saeed, is an honored guest in Pakistan: http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/world/pakistan/Saeed-under-house-arrest-was-Pak-armys-iftar-guest/articleshow/5040239.cms
 10c. Another plotter, Daood Gilani (aka "David Coleman Headley"). David Headley: quiet American with alleged links to Mumbai massacre http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/asia/article6926193.ece | Pakistani American posed as Jew to case Mumbai Chabad, November 15, 2009 http://jta.org/news/article/2009/11/15/1009195/us-pakistani-posed-as-jew-to-case-mumbai-chabad ,

11. Plight of Hindus in some Muslim-majority areas in India: http://vijayvaani.com/FrmPublicDisplayArticle.aspx?id=931

12. Recent news report: Tortured in Pakistan, Hindu migrants want to stay in India, 9/13/2009. http://in.news.yahoo.com/43/20090913/812/tnl-tortured-in-pakistan-hindu-migrants.html

13. Persecution of Hindus in Bangladesh (usually rampant during extremist BNP party rules, but the situation is somewhat better during Awami league governments):
-13a. Bangladesh slammed for persecution of Hindus, Rediff. http://www.rediff.com/news/2006/nov/02aziz.htm
-13b. Persecution of Hindus in Bangladesh, hinduhumanrights.org. http://www.hinduhumanrights.org/Bangladesh/IndexBangladesh.html
-13c. Persecution of Hindus in Bangladesh, Indian Realist Blog. http://indianrealist.wordpress.com/2009/03/08/persecution-of-hindus-in-bangladesh/
-13d. On The Brink: English Documentary on Bangladeshi Hindus. http://bangladeshwatchdog1.wordpress.com/about/hindu-persecution/

14. Persecution of Ahmadiyya Muslims in Pakistan: http://www.thepersecution.org/news/08/at0220.html

15. Major Islamic terrorist attacks in India since 2008 (countless other "minor" ones):

--15a. May 2008: Eight serial blasts in Jaipur; 60 dead, 150 injured, CNN-IBN, May 13, 2008, http://ibnlive.in.com/news/seven-bomb-blasts-rock-jaipur-10-dead/65207-3.html?xml

--15b. July 2008: 8 blasts rock Bangalore, 25 July 2008, http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/6_blasts_rock_Bangalore_2_dead_20_wounded/articleshow/3279730.cms

--15c. July 2008: Nine blasts rock Ahmedabad, two killed 25 injured, July 2008, http://www.hindu.com/thehindu/holnus/000200807262082.htm

--15d. Sep 2008: Serial blasts rock Delhi; 30 dead, 90 injured, September 2008 http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Terror_strikes_Delhi_18_killed_in_5_blasts/articleshow/3479914.cms

-- 15e. Oct 2008: Jehadi elements could be behind blasts: Assam police, October 2008 http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/India/Jehadi_elements_could_be_behind_blasts_Assam_police/rssarticleshow/3655624.cms

--15f. Nov 2008: Terror attacks in Mumbai, November 2008, http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/Shootouts_explosions_rock_Mumbai_15_hurt/articleshow/3761410.cms

--15g. Feb 2010: India hit by new terror attack after bomb kills nine in Pune bakery, http://www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/world/asia/article7026548.ece

Partition of India

Partition violence and games

The British, Jinna and the Muslim League are to blame for the partition, as it emerges from the following collection of info excerpts.

Here is a recent report of possible shady dealings between the British and Jinnah:

Thinking Aloud

Jinnah was a creation of the British
By Dr Jay Dubashi

The British started looking for a man to suit their requirements. And zeroed on Jinnah.
..
Several papers about financial transaction between the British and Jinnah, which had remained sealed until 1995, were released a few years ago and are now available in British Library in London. According to Muzaffar Husein, a reputed journalist and columnist who has specialised on Pakistan and Muslim affairs in India, has now written an article in which he says, on the basis of papers in the British Library, that the British were secretly paying Jinnah Rs 30 lakh a year (or about 225,000 pounds sterling) from 1935 onwards. The British have always been in the habit of bribing Indian politicians with cash—the lat├ęst example, along with Jinnah, being comrade MN Roy, the so-called radical humanist who was paid Rs 18,000 a month during the Second World War through his trade unions.

Rs 30 lakh a year is equivalent to Rs 90 crore a year at today’s prices, and amount to Rs 1,000 crore during the twelve years between 1935 and 1947 during which the payment was made. This was the amount collected by Jinnah & Co. to work against India and to divide India to suit the purposes of the British. Mr Muzaffir Husein’s article appears in Saamana, dated September 21, 2009. Saamana is a Marathi daily published from Mumbai.
..
In fact, Pakistan is not a country any more and is referred to as Af-Pak, as if it was a tank regiment, not a nation. In fact, Pakistan is not so much a country as a mess. What do you expect for a measly 30 lakh a year!


Here is a flashback Time archive report from Aug. 26, 1946 (about a year before the partition):

INDIA

Monday, Aug. 26, 1946

India suffered the biggest Moslem-Hindu riot in its history. Moslem League Boss Mohamed Ali Jinnah had picked the 18th day of Ramadan for "Direct Action Day" against Britain's plan for Indian independence (which does not satisfy the Moslems' old demand for a separate Pakistan). Though direct, the action was supposed to be peaceful. But before the disastrous day was over, blood soaked the melting asphalt of sweltering Calcutta's streets.

Rioting Moslems went after Hindus with guns, knives and clubs, looted shops, stoned newspaper offices, set fire to Calcutta's British business district. Hindus retaliated by firing Moslem mosques and miles of Moslem slums. Thousands of homeless families roamed the city in search of safety and food (most markets had been pilfered or closed). Police blotters were filled with stories of women raped, mutilated and burned alive. Indian police, backed by British Spitfire scouting planes and armored cars, battled mobs of both factions. Cried Hindu Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru (who is trying to form an interim government despite the Moslems' refusal to enter it): "Either direct action knocks the Government over, or the Government knocks direct action over."

By the 21st day of Ramadan, direct action had killed some 3,000 people and wounded thousands more. Said one weary police officer: "All we can do is move the bodies to one side of the street." Vultures tore into the rapidly putrefying corpses (among them, the bodies of many women & children).

Like other Indian leaders, Jinnah denounced the "fratricidal war." But most observers wondered how Jinnah could fail to know what would happen when he called for "direct action." Shortly before the riots broke out, his own news agency (Orient Press) reported that Jinnah, anticipating violence, was sleeping on the floor these nights—to toughen up for a possible sojourn in jail.


A seemingly good description of Patel's thought process at the wiki paints a picture of what happened:

Sardar Patel

In the elections, the Congress won a large majority of the elected seats, dominating the Hindu electorate. But the Muslim League led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah won a large majority of Muslim electorate seats. The League had resolved in 1940 to demand Pakistan—an independent state for Muslims—and was a fierce critic of the Congress. The Congress formed governments in all provinces save Sindh, Punjab and Bengal, where it entered into coalitions with other parties.

Cabinet mission and partition
See also: Partition of India

When the British mission proposed two plans for transfer of power, there was considerable opposition within the Congress to both. The plan of 16 May 1946 proposed a loose federation with extensive provincial autonomy, and the "grouping" of provinces based on religious-majority. The plan of 16 June 1946 proposed the partition of India on religious lines, with over 600 princely states free to choose between independence or accession to either dominion. The League approved both plans, while the Congress flatly rejected the 16 June proposal. Gandhi criticised the 16 May proposal as being inherently divisive, but Patel, realizing that rejecting the proposal would mean that only the League would be invited to form a government, lobbied the Congress Working Committee hard to give its assent to the 16 May proposal. Patel engaged the British envoys Sir Stafford Cripps and Lord Pethick-Lawrence and obtained an assurance that the "grouping" clause would not be given practical force, Patel converted Nehru, Rajendra Prasad and Rajagopalachari to accept the plan. When the League retracted its approval of the 16 May plan, the viceroy Lord Wavell invited the Congress to form the government. Under Nehru, who was styled the "Vice President of the Viceroy's Executive Council," Patel took charge of the departments of home affairs and information and broadcasting. He moved into a government house on 1, Aurangzeb Road in Delhi—this would be his residence till his death in 1950.

Vallabhbhai Patel was one of the first Congress leaders to accept the partition of India as a solution to the rising Muslim separatist movement led by Muhammad Ali Jinnah. He had been outraged by Jinnah's Direct Action campaign, which had provoked communal violence across India and by the viceroy's vetoes of his home department's plans to stop the violence on the grounds of constitutionality. Patel severely criticised the viceroy's induction of League ministers into the government, and the revalidation of the grouping scheme by the British without Congress approval. Although further outraged at the League's boycott of the assembly and non-acceptance of the plan of 16 May despite entering government, he was also aware that Jinnah did enjoy popular support amongst Muslims, and that an open conflict between him and the nationalists could degenerate into a Hindu-Muslim civil war of disastrous consequences


Had the Viceroy not vetoed Patel's plan to stop the communal violence being stirred by Jinnah, the violence would have been cut short, thus taking the air out of separatist movement to break up India, most likely keeping it intact.

Kashmir Timeline

Kashmir Timeline



A 4500 year timeline of Kashmir:

2629-2564 B.C.:
Rule by King Sandiman.
2082-2041 B.C.:
Rule by King Sunder Sen rules Kashmir.
1048-1008 B.C.:
King Nara rules Kashmir.
250 B.C.:
Shrinagari (today’s Srinagar is located about three miles from Shrinagari) near the ancient capital Pandhrenatha is founded by Ashoka the Great.
7th century:
King Lalitaditya builds the famous Sun temple and formed the city of Pharihaspura.
813-850:
Pampore was founded by Padma, during the rule of King Ajatapida
855-883:
King Avantivarman builds the town of Avantipur and the famous Sun temple.
883-902:
King Shankaravarman builds Shankarapura-pattan (now known as Pattan).
1128-1149:
Reign of King Jayasim.
mid-12th:
Muslim invasion of Kashmir.
1322
Turks, under ferocious Zulkadur Khan, first invade Kashmir.
1394-1416:
Central Asian ruler, Sikander invades Kashmir and brings about mass conversion to Islam. After the tyranny of Sikander was over, only eleven Kashmiri Hindu families survive.
1540:
Mirz Haidar, a relative of Humayun (of the Moghul invader dynasty) conquers Kashmir. Kashmir gradually absorbed into Moghul Empire.
1810-1820:
Maharajah Ranjit Singh, one of the greatest rulers of India, regains Jammu and appointed his Dogra feudatory Gulab Singh to rule the State.
Mar 16, 1846:
The present State is created by a treaty between the British East India Company acting on behalf of the British Government and Maharajah Gulab Singh in Amritsar.
1931:
One of the worst communal riots led by Sheikh Abdullah and his Muslim Conference.
1939:
Muslim Conference becomes the National Conference.
Aug 15, 1947:
India gains independence. The ruler of Kashmir, Maharaja Hari Singh yet to make up his mind regarding accession.
Oct 22, 1947:
Pakistan violates the Standstill Agreement by preventing essential supplies to the State, then hoards of armed Pakistani tribesman entered Kashmir.
Oct 26, 1947:
Hari Singh signs the instrument of accession, it is no different than the one signed by over 500 other rulers. The accession of Kashmir was accepted by the Governor General of India Lord Mountbatten.
Oct 27, 1947:
The first Indian forces arrived in Kashmir to defend against Pakistani troops.
Dec 31, 1947:
A highly unconstitutional offer of plebiscite was made by Prime Minister Nehru in the U.N.
Jan 1, 1948:
India under Nehru declares a unilateral cease-fire and under Article 35 of the U.N. Charter, India files a complaint with the U.N. Security Council. Pakistan still controls 2/5 of the State.
Jan 20, 1948:
The U.N. Security Council in its resolution of establishes the United Nations Commission for India and Pakistan (UNCIP).
Jul 1948:
Mohd. Zafrulla Khan, then the Foreign Minister of Pakistan and principal Delegate of Pakistan in the U.N. admits to the U.N. Commission for India and Pakistan that the Pakistani Army had been in Kashmir.
Aug 13, 1948:
UNCIP adopts a resolution on Kashmir accepted by both India and Pakistan. Pakistan is blamed for the invasion of Kashmir and is instructed to withdraw its forces from Kashmir.
Jan 1, 1949:
Amidst great tension, one minute before midnight, India and Pakistan concluded a formal cease fire agreement.
Jan 5, 1949:
Almost a year after Nehru’s offer of plebiscite, the UNCIP passes a resolution that states that, “The question of accession of the state of Jammu and Kashmir to India or Pakistan will be decided through the democratic method of free and impartial plebiscite”. However, Pakistan has yet to comply with the earlier resolution and withdraw from the State. Also, Pakistan is now busy changing the demographic composition of the State.
1949:
Not withstanding the opposition by several authors of the Indian Constitution, including Dr. Ambedkar, its chief architect, Article 370 was inserted in the constitution of India. This article is meant as a temporary measure, to be in effect until the formal constitution of Jammu and Kashmir is drafted.
Jun 1948:
Sheikh Abdullah declares, “We the people of Jammu and Kashmir, have thrown our lot with Indian people not in the heat of passion or a moment of despair, but by a deliberate choice. The union of our people has been fused by the community of ideals and common sufferings in the cause of freedom”.
1949:
Following the cabinet decision taken by the Abdullah Government, Hari Singh steps down. Hari Singh’s son, Karan Singh is named his successor.
Apr 1950
UN Security Council appoints Sir Owen Dixon as the UN representative in place of UNCIP to find expeditious and enduring solution to the India-Pakistan dispute over Kashmir.
Oct 1950:
General Council of the National Conference demands elections to create a Constituent Assembly.
Sep 1951:
Elections for the Constituent Assembly are held The National Conference wins all 45 seats unopposed.
Oct 1951:
Constituent Assembly of the State of Jammu and Kashmir is inaugurated.
Nov 5, 1951:
The Constituent Assembly is given four tasks by Sheikh Abdullah which including the accession to India.
Nov-Dec 1951:
Karan Singh steps down as the ruler, and is elected by the Constituent Assembly of the Jammu and Kashmir State as Sardar- i-Riyasat (Governor).
1952:
Jana Sangh begins campaign called “Ek Vidhan Ek Pradhan” (One Constitution, one leader) and demands that the State of Jammu and Kashmir be totally integrated into India and that the people from the other States be able to visit Jammu and Kashmir without a passport.
1952:
Jana Sang leader Shyamaprasad Mukherjee dies in a Kashmiri Jail under mysterious circumstances.
Aug 9, 1953:
Sheikh Abdullah is arrested. He had turned corrupt and autocrat. He tried to hold India for ransom by giving increasingly anti-India speeches and preserve his power.
Feb 1954:
Under the leadership of Bakshi Ghulam Mohammad DEMOCRATICALLY ELECTED Constituent Assembly of the State of Jammu and Kashmir ratified the State’s accession to India.
May 14, 1954:
The President of India promulgates the Constitution (Application to Jammu and Kashmir) Order placing on a final footing the applicability of the other provisions of the Indian Constitution to Jammu and Kashmir.
1956:
Constitution (Seventh Amendment) Act 1956, the category of Part B State was aboilished and Jammu and Kashmir was included as one of the States of India under Article I. However, Article 370 of the Indian constitution is still retained.
Jan 26, 1957:
After the formal inauguration of its constitution, the Constituent Assembly dissolves itself.
1958:
All-India services extended to J and K through an amendment in Article 312.
1964:
Sheikh Abdullah released from the prison.
1965:
Pakistan attacks India, in operation code named, Gibraltar. The defeat of Pakistan results in the Tashkent Agreement between the two countries.
Mar 30, 1965:
Article 249 of Indian Constitution extended to Jammu and Kashmir whereby the center could legislate on any matter enumerated in state list (just like in any other State in the Union). Designations like Prime Minister and President of the State are replace by Chief Minister and Governor.
1971:
Pakistani attack on India results in the third war between the two countries. Pakistan is completely defeated, over 90,000 of its men surrendered.
1972:
India and Pakistan sign the Shimla Pact. Two agree to respect the line of control until the issue is finally resolved.
Feb 24-25, 1975:
Following an accord signed by Prime Minister Indira Gandhi and Sheikh Abdullah on February 24, 1975, Jammu and Kashmir is made a “Constituent Unit” of India on February 25, 1975. Through this accord Indian Parliament reaffirms its right to legislate on any matter concerning the territory of the State.
1977:
National Conference wins the first post-Emergency elctions.
1982:
Sheikh Abdullah nominates his son, Farooq Abdullah as his successor setting up a political rivalry between Farooq Abdullah and his brother-in-law G. M. Shah.
1986:
In one of the most shameful acts of religious massacre, several ancient historical Hindu temples are destroyed and scores of Hindus were killed in the city of Anantnag. Chief Minister G. M. Shah looses power to his brother-in-law Farooq Abdullah.
1990-2007:
In a spate of terrorist violence, 35000 minorty kashmiri hindus have been killed by Islamic fundamanetalist and 700,000 Kashmiri Hindus have been driven out of their homes. Pakistan’s involvement in this carnage of violence is beyond doubt.
From: Facts & News About Kashmir . By Pawan Durani: http://thekashmir.wordpress.com/

Image Source: CIFJKINDIA.ORG